Welcome to Learning Cantonese Chinese !!
Using Chinese dot Com provides you with a free online interactive guide to learning the official chinese language of cantonese. As part of our main aims, using chinese will provide sections dedicated to learning chinese beginners, intermediates and advanced users. We also have a learning chinese forum section for people to be able to talk to eat other and have the chance to ask questions about learning cantonese chinese.
Welcome to our Learn Cantonese website, we pride ourselves on providing you with a tool for learning the cantonese chinese language. As part of our learning cantonese program, we have provide some classes for learning the basics, intermediates and advanced levels of the chinese dilect. We aim to provide a quick instant cantonese lessons as well a section to help enthusiasts to learn the language. .
In English, cantonese can refer to two distinct concepts:
Cantonese (Traditional Chinese: 粵語; Simplified Chinese: 粤语, Cantonese: Yuet6yue5; Mandarin pinyin: Yueyu, lit. "Yụet (Guangdong) language") is one of the major dialect groups or languages of the Chinese language or language family. It is mainly spoken in parts of southern Mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, by Chinese minorities in Southeast Asia and by many overseas Chinese of Guangdong and Hong Kong origin worldwide. The name is derived from Canton, a former romanized Western name for Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong province.
Like all other varieties of Chinese, there is significant dispute as to whether cantonese is a language or a dialect. See Identification of the varieties of Chinese for more on this issue.
The present divisions of the Chinese language developed out of the different ways in which dialects of Old Chinese and Middle Chinese evolved.
Most Chinese living in northern and southwestern China are native speakers of a dialect of cantonese. The prevalence of this linguistic homogeneity in northern China is largely the result of geography: much of northern China is covered by plains and is flat. In contrast to this, the mountains and rivers of southern China have promoted linguistic diversity. The presence of cantonese in southwest China is largely due to a plague in the 12th century in Sichuan. This plague, which may have been related to the black death, depopulated the area, leading to later settlement from northern China.
There is no clear line to mark where Middle Chinese ends and cantonese begins; however, the Zhōngyuán Yīnyùn (中原音韵), a rhyme book from the Yuan Dynasty, is widely regarded as a milestone in the history of cantonese. In this rhyme book we see many characteristic features of cantonese, such as the reduction and disappearance of final stop consonants and the reorganization of the Middle Chinese tones.
Until the mid-20th century, most Chinese people living in southern China spoke only their local language. Beijing cantonese became dominant during the officially Manchu-speaking Qing Empire, and from the 17th century onward, the Empire set up Orthoepy Academies (Simplified Chinese: 正音书院; Traditional Chinese: 正音書院; pinyin: Zhèngyīn Shūyuàn) in an attempt to make local pronunciations conform to the Beijing standard. These attempts, however, had little success.
This situation changed with the widespread introduction of Standard cantonese as the national language, to be used in education, the media, and formal situations in both the PRC and the ROC (but not in Hong Kong). As a result, Standard cantonese can now be spoken intelligibly as second language by most younger people in Mainland China and Taiwan, with various regional accents. In Hong Kong and Macau, because of their colonial and linguistic history, the language of education, the media, formal speech and everyday life remains the local Cantonese, although Standard cantonese is becoming increasingly influential.
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